Employment of Children

In England the Parliament Act of 1833 excluded children under the age of 10 from working in factories. Lord Shaftesbury’s Ten Hours Act (1847) eased some of the excessive hardships endured by children in the workplace. With the passing of the Elementary Education Act in 1870 children were prised out of paid employment and placed in some form of compulsory schooling. This legislation was not applicable to New South Wales. [...] Pugger-Up’s letter created a series of letters to the Editor disputing the number of bricks made in a day and the depth of the various pits.

A St Peters Family

Ebenezer and Harriettt Hoppitt left Stapleford. near Cambridge, on board the “Boanerges”, arriving in Sydney on 20th October 1857. With them were their children Alice aged twelve, William ten and Sarah Ann eight. According to shipping records Ebenezer, 40 years, was an agricultural labourer who could neither read nor write, Harriettt, 38 years, could read and write, the children could all read. They settled in the St Peters area where, apart from a few years in the southern highlands, they were to spend the rest of their lives.